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Parker Diaz
Parker Diaz

Summer Is Over

A bigger share of flights were delayed or canceled during the main late spring and summer travel season, which runs from Memorial Day weekend through Labor Day, compared with the same period of pre-pandemic 2019. Fares surged along with fuel prices and as millions of consumers booked trips after two years of forgoing flights. Domestic round trips averaged $342 between May and September, nearly 11% more than the same period in 2019, according to fare-tracker Hopper.

Summer Is Over

Labor shortages made it even harder for airlines to recover from routine events. Overambitious carriers trimmed their packed schedules to give their operations more breathing room. Overwhelmed European hubs capped passenger numbers. Even airline employee travel perks were scaled back.

Government agencies and airlines sparred over who was to blame. And on Sept. 1, the Department of Transportation published a dashboard that spells out what customers are owed when airlines delay or cancel their flights.

"We're seeing a really strong September," Patrick Quayle, United Airlines' senior vice president of global network planning and alliances, said at a Cowen industry conference this week. "It does not appear that summer has come to an end. It's that strong."

Passenger numbers this summer surged compared with the past two years. During Labor Day weekend, the Transportation Security Administration screened about 8.76 million people, marking the first holiday weekend since the Covid pandemic began that was busier than one in 2019.

Operations improved in August and over the important Labor Day weekend for some airlines. Delta Air Lines reduced cancellations by 25% in August compared with July, CEO Ed Bastian said in a staff memo Thursday, which was reviewed by CNBC. Over Labor Day the carrier canceled 15 mainline flights out of 16,636 departures, he said.

Traditionally, educators and policymakers have relied on conventional summer school programs to combat summer loss and summer gap-growth. In 2000, Cooper and colleagues published a comprehensive meta-analysis of classroom-based summer programs finding positive effects on average.8 However, they also concluded that middle-income students benefited more from summer programming than did lower-income students. They speculated that this could be because programs serving more advantaged students were of higher quality, or because of an interactive effect between programming and the home resources available to students. The result raised the concern that attempts to stem summer learning loss may actually exacerbate summer gap-growth if they are not well targeted.

While school-based summer learning programs hold promise when they fit the above criteria, they often fail to live up to these expectations. Two important reasons why school-based summer programs can be ineffective are that organizers often struggle to attract high quality teachers and struggle to appeal to students and families for whom the opportunity costs of attending summer school can be high.12, 13 School-based programs can also be quite costly. Researchers have therefore experimented, with some success, with lower-cost home-based summer programming.

Another recent randomized trial showed that something as simple as sending text messages over the summer to families of elementary school students at risk of summer loss was effective at improving the reading scores of third- and fourth-graders (but not first or second graders), with effect sizes of .21 to .29.17 The text messages included tips on resources available to students over the summer, ideas for activities to do with children, and information about the value of particular summer learning activities.

Regardless of the design, these policies should offer engaging options for students over the summer so that summer learning programs do not feel like punishment for students who would rather be enjoying summer vacation. Doing so would set more students up for success as the school year gets underway.

Astronomical seasons also split the year into quarters, but the start and end dates of those seasons vary each year depending on when the spring and fall equinoxes and summer and winter solstices occur.

Standard Digital includes access to a wealth of global news, analysis and expert opinion. Premium Digital includes access to our premier business column, Lex, as well as 15 curated newsletters covering key business themes with original, in-depth reporting. For a full comparison of Standard and Premium Digital, click here.

Summer has been over - This sounds rather incomplete although grammatical. Most native speakers would reserve this structure for use with a time frame. For example, Summer has been over for two weeks.

"This was a chance for airlines to show that last summer's delays would not be repeated this summer, and yet, it was not to be," said Helane Becker, an analyst for banking firm Cowen. She blamed the disruptions on bad weather, air traffic control delays, airline crew members calling in sick, and long security lines at some airports.

"We understand our customers' frustration, especially over the weekend," said Evan Baach, a Boeing 767 captain at Delta and an official with the Air Line Pilots Association. "Delta has just not properly staffed the airline with pilots for the number of flights they want to fly."

Various forecasts of high numbers of travelers over the weekend proved to be accurate. The Transportation Security Administration reported screening more than 11 million people at airport checkpoints from Thursday through Monday.

That was down 9% from the same days in 2019, but an increase of almost 25% over last year. Crowds of just under 2.4 million on both Thursday and Friday nearly matched the pandemic high set on the Sunday after Thanksgiving last year.

Trade group Airlines for America said its member airlines estimate that lifting the requirement would lead to 4.3 million more international passengers over one year. Airlines believe many Americans are unwilling to travel overseas because they could be stranded if they contract the virus on their trip.

Nicole is a Senior Editor at Mashable. She primarily covers entertainment and digital culture trends, and in her free time she can be found watching TV, sending voice notes, or going viral on Twitter for admiring knitwear. You can follow her on Twitter @nicolemichele5(Opens in a new tab).

Carlos Molina, a meteorologist at the National Weather Service's Hanford station, said a cold, dry front, or "disturbance," in the western Pacific "will skip over the Pacific Northwest for several days," and instead, "get stuck" on the California coast, ushering cooler air into the interior and pushing what's left of the heat eastward into the Rockies and Great Plains.

Wrap it up, folks: summer's over. While the air may very well be balmy for months to come, the infectious joie de vivre of peak summer is gone. For the people of my Toronto, that climax falls at the end of the long weekend that hinges July to August, affectionately dubbed Caribana weekend. Since 2010, it's also been the weekend that marks Drake's homecoming in a lavish extravaganza called OVO Fest.

This summer, along with a whole host of other dampeners that suffocated the city's hot-and-sticky season, there was no OVO Fest. In its place, Drake and two-thirds of Migos performed back-to-back shows in the city. "Toronto, I'm forever yours," he vaguely, even if earnestly, proclaimed as he closed out the glitzy concert. And just like that, he disappeared again.

PRINCETON, NJ -- School-aged children across the country are already mournful about the end of summer, as they head back to the hallways for a new school year. But how do their parents feel about their kids going back to school -- are they in a celebratory mood (as some television commercials suggest) or are they sad to see the vacation end?

A recent Gallup Panel survey, conducted Aug. 23-26, asked a nationally representative sample of parents with children in kindergarten through 12th grade for their feelings on the end of summer vacation. A slight majority of parents, 53%, say they are "relieved that summer vacation is over," while 42% say they "wish summer vacation would last longer."

It would make sense if working parents were more likely than other parents to be relieved, because the former wouldn't have to worry as much about child-care arrangements. But that is not the case -- among the subgroup of parents in two-income families, 55% say they are relieved that summer vacation is over, and 40% say they wish it would last longer.

The poll also asked parents to explain, in their own words, some of the reasons why they are relieved that summer vacation is over. The results show that parents are much more likely to mention things that would benefit their children (such boredom or the need to learn) rather than things that would benefit the parents (such as child-care expenses or it simply being easier on them).

As the table shows, 29% of parents who are relieved summer vacation is over say it is because their children are bored and need something to do, while 26% say their children need to be learning and developing their educational skills. Fewer than one in five say they are relieved because the beginning of school gets their kids back into a routine or structure (18%), that it is easier on the parents (16%), or that it is better to have children in school (10%). Even fewer mention that kids should be enrolled in year-round schools, that their children enjoy school, and that child care or day care is expensive.

Abstract:There is an ongoing debate in the climate community about the benefits of convection-permitting models that explicitly resolve convection and other thermodynamical processes. An increasing number of studies show improvements in Regional Climate Model (RCM) performances when the grid spacing is increased to 1-km scale. Up until now, such studies have revealed that convection-permitting models confer significant advantages in representing orographic regions, producing high-order statistics, predicting events with small temporal and spatial scales, and representing convective organization. The focus of this work is on the analysis of summer precipitation over the Alpine space. More specifically, the driving data are downscaled using the RCM COSMO-CLM first at an intermediate resolution (12 km) over the European Domain of Coordinated Downscaling Experiment (EURO-CORDEX domain). Then, a further downscaling at 3 km, nested into the previous one, is performed over the Alpine domain to exploit the results over a complex orography context. Experiments of evaluation, historical and far future under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) RCP8.5 scenario have been considered. Indices as mean precipitation, frequency, intensity, and heavy precipitation are employed in daily and hourly analyses. The results, observed from the analysis of 10 year-long simulations, provide preliminary indications, highlighting significant differences of the convection permitting simulations with respect to the driving one, especially at an hourly time scale. Moreover, future projections suggest that the convection permitting simulation refines and enhances the projected patterns, compared with the coarser resolution.Keywords: COSMO-CLM; high-resolution simulations; climate projections; extreme events


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